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Cell Death Differ. 2008 Apr;15(4):678-85. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2008.21. Epub 2008 Feb 15.

The role of hypoxia-inducible factors in tumorigenesis.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are essential mediators of the cellular oxygen-signaling pathway. They are heterodimeric transcription factors consisting of an oxygen-sensitive alpha subunit (HIF-alpha) and a constitutive beta subunit (HIF-beta) that facilitate both oxygen delivery and adaptation to oxygen deprivation by regulating the expression of genes that control glucose uptake, metabolism, angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. In most experimental models, the HIF pathway is a positive regulator of tumor growth as its inhibition often results in tumor suppression. In clinical samples, HIF is found elevated and correlates with poor patient prognosis in a variety of cancers. In summary, HIF regulates multiple aspects of tumorigenesis, including angiogenesis, proliferation, metabolism, metastasis, differentiation, and response to radiation therapy, making it a critical regulator of the malignant phenotype.

PMID:
18259193
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3050610
Free PMC Article
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