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J Med Chem. 1991 Mar;34(3):968-78.

Synthesis and siderophore and antibacterial activity of N5-acetyl-N5-hydroxy-L-ornithine-derived siderophore-beta-lactam conjugates: iron-transport-mediated drug delivery.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Indiana 46556.


N5-Acetyl-N5-hydroxy-L-ornithyl-N5-acetyl-N5-hydroxy-L-ornithyl-N5-acety l- N5-hydroxy-L-ornithine, the functionally instrumental component of the albomycins and ferrichromes, has been incorporated as a "carrier" substructure into both carbacephalosporin and oxamazin type beta-lactam antibiotics. The previously synthesized protected version of this tripeptide (14) was coupled with various beta-lactam analogues 17, 19, 24, and 25 to give protected conjugates 21, 22, 26, and 27. Final deprotection by hydrogenolysis provided the deprotected siderophore-beta-lactam antibiotic conjugates 1-4. The growth-promoting ability of each has been evaluated using either the siderophore-deficient mutant Shigella flexneri SA 100 or S. flexneri SA240 (SA 100 iucD:Tn5). Measurement of the growth-promoting activity using two isogenic Escherichia coli strains differing only in the presence or absence of fhuA (hydroxamate ferrichrome receptor) suggests uptake by the hydroxamate iron-transport system. The antibacterial activity of these conjugates has been investigated, and the potential for use of the ferrichrome iron-transport system as a means of drug delivery is discussed.

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