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Geriatrics. 2008 Jan;63(1):24-30.

Optimal medical therapy after MI in the elderly.

Author information

  • Department of Medicine, Westchester Medical Center/New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY, USA.

Abstract

After an MI, elderly persons should have their modifiable coronary artery risk factors--such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes--intensively treated. Aspirin or clopidogrel, beta-blockers, and ACE inhibitors should be given indefinitely, unless contraindications exist. Long-acting nitrates are effective antianginal and anti-ischemic drugs. There are no Class I indications for the use of calcium channel blockers after MI. Postinfarction patients should not receive Class I antiarrhythmic drugs, sotalol, or amiodarone. Those at very high risk for sudden cardiac death should have an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Hormonal therapy should not be used in postmenopausal women after MI. The indications for coronary revascularization are prolongation of life and relief of unacceptable symptoms despite optimal medical management.

PMID:
18257617
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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