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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 May;19(5):1025-33. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2007091013. Epub 2008 Feb 6.

IL5RA and TNFRSF6B gene variants are associated with sporadic IgA nephropathy.

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  • 1Program in Genetics and Genome Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, University Health, Network and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Familial clustering and genome-wide linkage scans strongly support a genetic susceptibility to familial IgA nephropathy (IgAN), but genetic factors that predispose to sporadic IgAN are unknown. A high-throughput single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) association study was conducted using a customized Illumina BeadChip in 732 white patients with biopsy-proven IgAN and 503 control subjects from Canada, France, and Finland. Approximately 93% of 1536 SNPs on the array were tag SNPs from Phase I+II of the HapMap with a minor allele frequency > or =5%, designed to capture the common variants of genes within the critical interval of IGAN1 on chromosome 6q22 and 69 biologic candidate genes for IgAN. SNPs of suggestive or significant association were identified by using logistic regression to adjust for age, gender, study site, and population stratification. Despite using a dense marker set that covered an average interval of 6.5 kb between SNPs, there was no strong and consistent association signal within the IGAN1 critical interval. Among the biologic candidate genes examined, two significant association signals were found at IL5RA and TNFRSF6B, the latter being particularly interesting because this gene encodes a decoy receptor for a TNF family ligand that causes IgAN in mice when overexpressed. Pending replication, these data suggest that variants of IL5RA and TNFRSF6B may predispose to sporadic IgAN.

PMID:
18256354
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2386732
Free PMC Article
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