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Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2008 Mar;10(1):62-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8208.2007.00062.x.

Osteotome sinus floor elevation and simultaneous placement of implants--a 1-year retrospective study with Astra Tech implants.

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  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Västervik Hospital, Västervik, Sweden.



The bone support for implants in the posterior part of the maxilla is often poor. This condition may be treated with augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor. The most common technique used is to elevate the sinus floor by inserting a bone graft through a window opened in the lateral antral wall, although less invasive techniques with osteotomes have been used since 1994.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcome of implants placed in the posterior maxilla with the osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) technique without grafting.


The study population comprised 36 consecutive patients in whom 53 implants were inserted with the OSFE technique. The indication for sinus floor elevation was that the bone height below the maxillary sinus was considered to be 10 mm or less.


The mean height of the alveolar process in the intended implant sites was 6.3 +/- 0.3 mm, and the mean elevation of the sinus floor was 4.4 +/- 0.2 mm. At the 1-year follow-up, two implants had been lost, both in edentulous patients. The remaining 51 implants inserted were in function, giving a 1-year cumulative survival rate of 96%. Implants used in single-tooth replacements and in partially edentulous cases had a 100% survival rate. The mean marginal bone level at the time of loading of the implants was 0.1 +/- 0.04 mm below the reference point. One year later, the corresponding value was 0.5 +/- 0.06 mm. The mean bone loss between the two examinations was 0.4 +/- 0.05 mm.


The OSFE technique, without bone grafts, was found to produce predictable results in the treatment of 36 patients with restricted bone volume in the posterior part of the maxilla.

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