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Autophagy. 2008 May;4(4):442-56. Epub 2008 Jan 30.

Early cellular changes after blockage of chaperone-mediated autophagy.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Structural Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.

Abstract

Cytosolic proteins can be selectively degraded in lysosomes by chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA), an autophagic pathway maximally activated under stress. In previous works we have demonstrated the existence of a cross-talk between CMA and macroautophagy, the other stress-related autophagic pathway responsible for the "in bulk" degradation of whole regions of the cytosol and for organelle turnover. We found that chronic blockage of CMA, as the one described in aging cells, results in constitutive activation of macroautophagy, supporting that one pathway may compensate for the other. In this work we have investigated the series of early cellular events that precede the activation of macroautophagy upon CMA blockage and the consequences of this blockage on cellular homeostasis. Shortly after CMA blockage, we have found functional alterations in macroautophagy and the ubiquitin-proteasome system, that are progressively corrected as CMA blockage persists. Basal macroautophagic activity remains initially unaltered, but we observed a delay in its activation in response to serum removal, a well characterized inducer for this pathway. Slower degradation of short-lived proteins, and a transient decrease in some of the proteasome proteolytic activities are also evident in the first stages of CMA blockage. This global alteration of the proteolytic systems supports the coordinated functioning of all of them, and seems responsible for the intracellular accumulation of altered proteins. Based on the time-course of the cellular changes, we propose that a minimal threshold of these toxic products needs to accumulate in order to constitutively activate macroautophagy and thus return cellular homeostasis to normal.

PMID:
18253088
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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