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Virology. 2008 May 10;374(2):322-37. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2007.12.037. Epub 2008 Feb 5.

Replicating adenovirus HIV/SIV recombinant priming alone or in combination with a gp140 protein boost results in significant control of viremia following a SHIV89.6P challenge in Mamu-A*01 negative rhesus macaques.

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  • 1Vaccine Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Previously, replicating adenovirus type 5 host range (Ad5hr)-HIV/SIV recombinant priming in combination with SIV envelope boosting, resulted in significant, durable protection in 39% of rhesus macaques after SIVmac251 challenge. Both Env-specific antibody mediating ADCC, and cellular immunity correlated with protection. Here we evaluate the relative immunogenicities of novel HIV proteins and their contribution to protection in a SHIV89.6P model. All groups were primed with Ad-HIVenv89.6P, SIVgag239, and SIVnef239 recombinants. One group was not boosted, one received HIV89.6Pgp140DeltaCFI protein, and one a novel HIV-1 poly-peptide "peptomer". The HIV89.6Pgp140DeltaCFI protein in adjuvant strongly boosted Env-specific antibody and memory T cell responses in blood and tissue, resulting in significant reductions in acute and set point viremia. Macaques not boosted, showed a significant reduction in set point viremia, a full 32 weeks after the last Ad priming immunization. The HIV peptomer-boosted group showed a trend toward chronic viremia reduction, but was not protected.

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