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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008 Feb;132(2):204-5. doi: 10.1043/1543-2165(2008)132[204:HPAIR]2.0.CO;2.

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: an immunopathology review.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, USA. wodab@ummhc.org

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HSP) is an immunologically mediated alveolar and interstitial lung disease caused by repeated inhalation of organic dusts and some occupational agents.

OBJECTIVE:

The pathogenesis of HSP is uncertain. A number of unexplained features of HSP remain, namely (1) why do so few exposed individuals develop clinical HSP, (2) what triggers an acute episode after prolonged periods of previous sensitization, and (3) what leads to disease progression. This article considers these issues and aims to discuss and clarify current concepts in pathogenesis.

DATA SOURCES:

Pertinent literature review in conjunction with the author's personal interpretive opinion.

CONCLUSIONS:

Current data suggest that individuals with a T(H)1 dominant response are likely to develop clinical disease. There is also some evidence that genetic factors such as polymorphisms in the major histocompatibility complex, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3 are associated with the development of or resistance to the disease.

PMID:
18251577
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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