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Appl Opt. 1997 Jan 1;36(1):397-401.

Measurement of group delay dispersion of high numerical aperture objective lenses using two-photon excited fluorescence.


We determined the group-delay dispersion (GDD) of five microscope objectives by measuring the second-order autocorrelation at the focal points of the objectives with two-photon excited fluorescence as the power square sensor. We found that typical microscope lens systems introduce significant GDD (2000-6500 fs(2)). The third-order dispersion determined for these objectives limits the minimum obtainable pulse width at the focal point of an objective to 20-30 fs if not compensated. No significant chromatic aberration or higher-order dispersion effects were found for any of the optical components measured within the wavelength range of 700-780 nm and for pulse widths greater than 50-60 fs.

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