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Neurosci Lett. 2008 Feb 27;432(3):212-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2007.12.023. Epub 2007 Dec 23.

Tonic facilitation of glutamate release by glycine binding sites on presynaptic NR2B-containing NMDA autoreceptors in the rat visual cortex.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Zhuque Dajie 205, Xi'an 710061, PR China.

Abstract

We have previously shown that glycine binding sites on presynaptic NMDA receptors (NMDA-Rs) can tonically regulate glutamate release in the rat visual cortex. In the present study, we investigated the subunit composition of these presynaptic NMDA-Rs. We recorded miniature a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) using whole-cell voltage clamp in layer II/III pyramidal neurons of the rat visual cortex with the open-channel NMDA receptor blocker, MK-801, in the recording pipette. We found that the frequency of mEPSCs is significantly reduced by 7-chloro-kynurenic acid (7-Cl KYNA) an NMDA-R glycine binding site antagonist, and glycine reverses this effect. Using a specific antagonist for NR2B-NMDA-Rs, Ro 25-6981 [(alphaR,betaS)-alpha-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-beta-methyl-4-(phenylmethyl)-1-piperidinepropanol hydrochloride], instead of 7-Cl KYNA, we found that the frequency of mEPSCs is also significantly reduced but glycine cannot reverse this effect. Moreover, Zn(2+), an NR2A-NMDA-R antagonist, did not affect mEPSC frequency. These results suggest that presynaptic NR2B-containing NMDA-Rs are located in layer II/III pyramidal neurons of the rat visual cortex, and that the glycine binding site of these type NMDA-Rs tonically regulates glutamate release.

PMID:
18248890
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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