Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 1;197(3):355-60. doi: 10.1086/525286.

Persistence of occult hepatitis B after removal of the hepatitis B virus-infected liver.

Author information

  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.


Occult hepatitis B is defined as the persistence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in persons without HBV surface antigen (HBsAg). The primary site for HBV persistence in persons with occult hepatitis B is considered to be the liver. We provide virological and immunological evidence for long-term persistence of HBV, even after removal of the infected liver, in 25 consecutive, randomly selected liver transplant recipients who tested positive for anti-HBV core antigen (anti-HBcAg) and negative for HBsAg at the time of transplantation. Furthermore, in a cohort of 101 anti-HBcAg-positive/HBsAg-negative patients, 2 showed clinical HBV reactivation after transplantation. Thus, these data indicate that a long-term extrahepatic HBV reservoir exists, which is relevant not only for liver transplantation but also for other types of transplantations, including bone marrow grafting.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk