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Clin Chem. 2008 Apr;54(4):723-8. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2007.097162. Epub 2008 Jan 31.

Use of the Centaur TnI-Ultra assay for detection of myocardial infarction and adverse events in patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hennepin County Medical Center, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA. apple004@umn.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We determined the diagnostic accuracy of the Advia Centaur TnI-Ultra assay for detecting myocardial infarction (MI) and assessing risk of adverse events in patients presenting with ischemic symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome.

METHODS:

We measured cardiac troponin I (cTnI) on admission and 6-24 h after admission (follow-up) in plasma specimens from 371 consecutive patients. The end point was the first of cardiac event or death within 60 days. We estimated survival curves using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared groups with the log rank statistic.

RESULTS:

MI was established in 49 patients (13%). Clinical sensitivities and specificities for MI based on the 99th percentile (0.04 microg/L) were 74% and 84%, respectively, on admission and 94% and 81% at follow-up. ROC curves showed significantly higher accuracy for MI in the follow-up specimen compared with admission (P = 0.001). Overall there were 2 cardiac deaths, 1 noncardiac death, 49 MIs, 7 coronary artery bypass grafts, and 36 percutaneous coronary interventions in 59 patients during follow-up. The event rate in those with cTnI <0.006 microg/L was significantly lower than in groups with cTnI 0.006-0.04 microg/L, >0.04-0.10 microg/L, or >0.10 microg/L (2.8% vs 11.1%, 24.1%, 55.1%, respectively; P <0.0001). Relative risks for the increasing cTnI cutoff groups were 3.9 (95% CI 1.2-13), 8.9 (2.4-34), and 25 (7.3-82) after adjustment for age, diabetes, history of hypertension, previous MI, and estimated glomerular filtration rate.

CONCLUSIONS:

The TnI-Ultra assay is a sensitive, early diagnostic biomarker for MI and an independent predictor of adverse events at any measurable cTnI in patients with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome.

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