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Stroke. 1991 Nov;22(11):1452-60.

Vertebrobasilar ischemia after neck motion.

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  • 1Clinica Neurologica dell'Universit√† di Brescia, Spedali Civili, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vertebrobasilar ischemic strokes may occur after chiropractic manipulation of the cervical spine or, less often, after spontaneous and abrupt head movement.

SUMMARY OF REVIEW:

We describe three such cases of vertebrobasilar ischemic strokes and review 36 other reported cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

We give evidence that 1) the population at risk cannot be identified a priori in the vast majority of cases; 2) symptoms may develop after many uneventful manipulations; 3) clinical syndromes consist of occipital lobe (5%), cerebellar (8%), locked-in (8%), Wallenberg's (28%), other brain stem (49%), and unclassifiable (2%); 4) mortality or very severe long-term impairment occurs in 28% of cases; 5) the development of transient neurological symptoms during previous manipulations, the presence of known or suspected ligament laxity, and, if known, the presence of a vertebral artery terminating in posterior inferior cerebellar artery should always contraindicate any chiropractic neck maneuver; and 6) the pathogenetic mechanism involves vertebral artery dissection at the atlantoaxial joint with intimal tear, intramural bleeding, or pseudoaneurysm that can lead to thrombosis or embolism.

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PMID:
1823547
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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