Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 2008 Apr;76(4):1349-57. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01162-07. Epub 2008 Jan 28.

Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B-induced apoptosis in A549 cells is mediated through alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and Fas.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 970, Taiwan.

Abstract

Our previous work suggested that streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin (SPE) B-induced apoptosis is mediated through a receptor-like mechanism. In this study, we have identified alpha(v)beta(3) and Fas as the SPE B receptors for this function. The SPE B fragment without the RGD motif and G308S, a SPE B mutant with the RSD motif, induced less apoptosis than did native SPE B, suggesting that the RGD motif is critical for SPE B-induced apoptosis. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-SPE B binding assays and immunoprecipitation analysis showed that SPE B specifically interacted with alpha(v)beta(3). Anti-alpha(v)beta(3) antibody partially inhibited SPE B-induced apoptosis but had no effect on G308S-induced apoptosis. In addition, Fas binding to SPE B was verified in an affinity column and an immunoprecipitation analysis. Anti-Fas antibody inhibited SPE B- and G308S-induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting that Fas-mediated SPE B-induced apoptosis also occurs RGD independently. Both anti-alpha(v)beta(3) and anti-Fas antibodies synergistically inhibited SPE B-induced apoptosis. The apoptotic cascades were activated by SPE B and G308S, with a little delay by the latter. After SPE B binding, the cell surface level of alpha(v)beta(3), but not of Fas, was decreased. The decreased alpha(v)beta(3) level was restored by treatment with the proteasome inhibitor MG132, suggesting a SPE B-mediated endocytosis of integrin alpha(v)beta(3) via the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Taken together, our results demonstrate that SPE B-induced apoptosis is mediated through alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and Fas in a synergistic manner.

PMID:
18227168
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2292884
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (8)Free text

FIG. 1.
FIG. 2.
FIG. 3.
FIG. 4.
FIG. 5.
FIG. 6.
FIG. 7.
FIG. 8.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk