Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Jan 15;14(2):589-96. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-0269.

In vivo and microarray analysis of rexinoid-responsive anaplastic thyroid carcinoma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. joshua.klopper@uchsc.edu

Erratum in

  • Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Jan 1;15(1):416.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is rare, yet lethal despite aggressive therapy. Molecular targeting may be beneficial using the rexinoid LGD1069, a retinoid X receptor-selective agonist, as a novel treatment. In this report, we describe the efficacy of LGD1069 in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma in vitro and assess the in vivo treatment effects on a responsive cancer. Additionally, we explore potential mediators of the rexinoid effect on a responsive anaplastic thyroid cancer using comparative microarray analysis.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Anaplastic thyroid cancer cell lines DRO, ARO, and FRO were treated with LGD1069 in vitro. Responsive DRO xenograft tumors were treated with control chow or chow containing a low dose (30 mg/kg/d) or a high dose (100 mg/kg/d) of LGD1069. Comparative microarray analysis of DRO cells treated with LGD1069 compared with volume-equivalent control was assessed after 24 h of treatment to evaluate early gene expression changes.

RESULTS:

DRO xenograft tumor growth was inhibited by LGD1069 treatment in a dose-dependent manner. Comparative microarray analysis showed that 80 genes had a significant increase in expression and 29 genes had a decrease in expression after 24 h of treatment with LGD1069. Expression of angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) mRNA was increased 6.5-fold. A trend towards an increase in ANGPTL4 mRNA (not statistically significant) was seen in treated tumors in vivo and this correlated with decreased tumor vascularity and increased necrosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

LGD1069 therapy decreases proliferation in an anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line that expresses retinoid X receptor-gamma, and this effect is confirmed with decreased tumor size in vivo in a nude mouse model. ANGPTL4 is increased in DRO in response to LGD1069 and may be a potential mediator of the effects of rexinoid treatment.

PMID:
18223235
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk