Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Health Econ. 2008 Nov;17(11):1261-75. doi: 10.1002/hec.1321.

Go out or stay in? The effects of zero tolerance laws on alcohol use and drinking and driving patterns among college students.

Author information

  • 1Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD 20850, USA. lliang@ahrq.gov

Abstract

Zero tolerance laws make it illegal per se for anyone under age 21 to drive with any measurable amount of blood alcohol. Although a link has been established between zero tolerance laws and lower motor vehicle fatalities, research has not produced strong evidence on how zero tolerance laws influence individual alcohol use and drinking and driving behaviors. Using a unique data set and a difference-in-difference-in-difference-type research design, we are able to analyze a number of pathways through which zero tolerance laws can work among an important underage population, college students. We find that zero tolerance laws reduce drinking and driving among college students. Further analysis of our detailed alcohol use measures suggests that zero tolerance laws are particularly effective at reducing the probability of driving after drinking for those who reported drinking away from home.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk