Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Urol. 2008 Mar;179(3):1178-83. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2007.10.030.

GABA receptor activation in the lumbosacral spinal cord decreases detrusor overactivity in spinal cord injured rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We investigated the effects of intrathecal application of gamma-aminobutyric acid A and B receptor agonists on detrusor overactivity in spinal cord injured rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. At 4 weeks after Th9-10 spinal cord transection awake cystometry and recordings of external urethral sphincter electromyogram were performed to examine the effect of intrathecal application of the gamma-aminobutyric acid A and B agonists muscimol and baclofen or the gamma-aminobutyric acid A and B antagonists bicuculline and saclofen (Tocris Cookson, Ellisville, Missouri), respectively, at the level of the L6-S1 spinal cord. The expression of glutamate decarboxylase 67 mRNA in the L6-S1 spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia was also assessed.

RESULTS:

Muscimol and baclofen produced a dose dependent inhibition of the number (51% to 73% decrease) and amplitude (35% to 93% decrease) of nonvoiding bladder contractions and a decrease in micturition pressure. The effects of muscimol and baclofen were antagonized by bicuculline and saclofen, respectively. Bursting activity of external urethral sphincter electromyogram was inhibited, corresponding to the inhibition of bladder activity by muscimol and baclofen. Glutamate decarboxylase 67 mRNA levels in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia were decreased after spinal cord transection (55% and 84%, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that gamma-aminobutyric acid A and B receptor activation in the spinal cord inhibits detrusor overactivity. The decrease in glutamate decarboxylase 67 mRNA suggests hypofunction of GABAergic inhibitory mechanisms in the spinal cord. Therefore, stimulation of spinal GABAergic mechanisms could be effective for the treatment of detrusor overactivity after spinal cord injury.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk