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J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia. 2008 Mar;13(1):81-91. doi: 10.1007/s10911-008-9068-6. Epub 2008 Jan 19.

Regulation of prolactin receptor levels and activity in breast cancer.

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  • 1Department of Animal Biology and Mari Lowe Center for Comparative Oncology Research, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

From its traditional identity as a hormone involved in growth and differentiation of mammary epithelium and in lactation, to having a pertinent role in the development of mammary carcinoma, the peptide hormone/cytokine prolactin (PRL) has emerged as a versatile signaling molecule. There has been significant progress in our understanding of the fine working of PRL in the past several years. Notably, much effort has been concentrated on the mediator of PRL action, namely, the prolactin receptor (PRLr). The causal link between increased PRLr expression and breast cancer is being increasingly appreciated. Considering that the level of the receptor on the surface is a critical determinant of signaling output in response to PRL, the uncovering of regulatory elements that control receptor expression becomes important. The principle focus of this review is on the regulation of PRLr expression and activity in breast cancer with a brief overview of different isoforms of PRLr, their expression, signaling capabilities and the biological outcomes of PRL/PRLr signaling.

PMID:
18204982
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2276629
Free PMC Article
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