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Nat Methods. 2008 Feb;5(2):189-96. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.1174. Epub 2008 Jan 20.

Genetic manipulation of adult mouse neurogenic niches by in vivo electroporation.

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  • 1Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Medical Nobel Institute, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.


Targeted ectopic expression of genes in the adult brain is an invaluable approach for studying many biological processes. This can be accomplished by generating transgenic mice or by virally mediated gene transfer, but these methods are costly and labor intensive. We devised a rapid strategy that allows localized in vivo transfection of plasmid DNA within the adult neurogenic niches without detectable brain damage. Injection of plasmid DNA into the ventricular system or directly into the hippocampus of adult mice, followed by application of electrical current via external electrodes, resulted in transfection of neural stem or progenitor cells and mature neurons. We showed that this strategy can be used for both fate mapping and gain- or loss-of-function experiments. Using this approach, we identified an essential role for cadherins in maintaining the integrity of the lateral ventricle wall. Thus, in vivo electroporation provides a new approach to study the adult brain.

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