Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Rheumatol. 2008 Mar;35(3):515-9. Epub 2008 Jan 15.

Interleukin 17 levels are increased in juvenile idiopathic arthritis synovial fluid and induce synovial fibroblasts to produce proinflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases.

Author information

  • 1Department of Immunology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Cytokines are the major mediators of joint damage in chronic arthritis. Data on synovial fluid (SF) concentration of Th17 cell-derived cytokine interleukin 17 (IL-17) in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are sparse. We measured levels of IL-17 in SF specimens from children with enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) and polyarticular JIA (poly-JIA), and studied the ability of IL-17 to produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and cytokines by fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from patients with ERA.

METHODS:

IL-17 levels were measured in SF of patients with ERA (n = 43), poly-JIA (n = 17), rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n = 35), and osteoarthritis (OA; n = 10) by ELISA. In patients with JIA, 10 paired serum samples were also assayed. FLS were cultured from SF of patients with ERA and subsequently stimulated for 48 h by IL-17 or tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Later the production of IL-6, IL-8, MMP-1, MMP-3, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 was measured in the culture supernatants by ELISA.

RESULTS:

Median IL-17 levels in SF were higher in patients with JIA [28 pg/ml (range 0-200)] compared to OA [0 pg/ml (range 0-84); p < 0.001] and RA (p < 0.05). The levels were comparable between poly-JIA patients and the ERA group. The median SF IL-17 levels were significantly higher compared to serum levels in children with JIA (p < 0.005). In ERA, SF IL-17 correlated with number of swollen joints (r = 0.35; p < 0.05), number of joints with limited mobility (r = 0.55; p < 0.001), and number of tender joints (r = 0.46; p < 0.01); however, no correlation was seen with erythrocyte sedimentation rate. IL-17 induced FLS to produce IL-6, IL-8, MMP-3, and MMP-1. However, there was no effect on the production of TIMP.

CONCLUSION:

Increased IL-17 levels in ERA SF correlate with disease activity and this may be due to increased production of MMP and cytokines by IL-17.

PMID:
18203309
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk