Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FASEB J. 2008 Jun;22(6):1981-92. doi: 10.1096/fj.07-098301. Epub 2008 Jan 15.

15-Lipoxygenase-1 transcriptional silencing by DNA methyltransferase-1 independently of DNA methylation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Cancer Prevention, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030-4009, USA.


Methylation of promoter DNA contributes to transcriptional silencing of various tumor-suppressor genes in cancer. Transcriptional silencing of 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) promotes tumorigenesis. Methylation of 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA occurs in some cancers, but its mechanistic role in 15-LOX-1 transcriptional silencing is unclear. We examined the mechanistic role of 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation in 15-LOX-1 transcriptional regulation in human colorectal cancers. 15-LOX-1 promoter methylation occurred in colorectal cancer cells in vitro, in 36% of tumor tissue samples of colorectal cancer patients, and in virtually no normal colonic mucosa samples of 50 human subjects with no history of colorectal cancer or polyps. 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation levels, however, did not correlate with 15-LOX-1 expression levels (Spearman's r=0.21; P=0.38). We employed siRNA knockdown and genetic disruption models of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) to study the effects of this methylation on 15-LOX-1 expression in colon cancer cells. 15-LOX-1 promoter demethylation was insufficient to reestablish 15-LOX-1 expression. 15-LOX-1 transcription was activated by the histone deacetylase inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) only after DNMT-1 dissociation from the 15-LOX-1 promoter and without altering 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation. DNMT-1 protein hypomorphism impaired DNMT-1 recruitment to the 15-LOX-1 promoter, which allowed 15-LOX-1 transcription activation by SAHA. DNMT-1 has a direct suppressive role in 15-LOX-1 transcriptional silencing that is independent of 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk