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FASEB J. 2008 Jun;22(6):1981-92. doi: 10.1096/fj.07-098301. Epub 2008 Jan 15.

15-Lipoxygenase-1 transcriptional silencing by DNA methyltransferase-1 independently of DNA methylation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Cancer Prevention, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030-4009, USA.

Abstract

Methylation of promoter DNA contributes to transcriptional silencing of various tumor-suppressor genes in cancer. Transcriptional silencing of 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) promotes tumorigenesis. Methylation of 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA occurs in some cancers, but its mechanistic role in 15-LOX-1 transcriptional silencing is unclear. We examined the mechanistic role of 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation in 15-LOX-1 transcriptional regulation in human colorectal cancers. 15-LOX-1 promoter methylation occurred in colorectal cancer cells in vitro, in 36% of tumor tissue samples of colorectal cancer patients, and in virtually no normal colonic mucosa samples of 50 human subjects with no history of colorectal cancer or polyps. 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation levels, however, did not correlate with 15-LOX-1 expression levels (Spearman's r=0.21; P=0.38). We employed siRNA knockdown and genetic disruption models of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) to study the effects of this methylation on 15-LOX-1 expression in colon cancer cells. 15-LOX-1 promoter demethylation was insufficient to reestablish 15-LOX-1 expression. 15-LOX-1 transcription was activated by the histone deacetylase inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) only after DNMT-1 dissociation from the 15-LOX-1 promoter and without altering 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation. DNMT-1 protein hypomorphism impaired DNMT-1 recruitment to the 15-LOX-1 promoter, which allowed 15-LOX-1 transcription activation by SAHA. DNMT-1 has a direct suppressive role in 15-LOX-1 transcriptional silencing that is independent of 15-LOX-1 promoter DNA methylation.

PMID:
18198215
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2410033
Free PMC Article

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