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Neurobiol Aging. 2009 Sep;30(9):1393-405. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2007.11.022. Epub 2008 Jan 14.

A highly insoluble state of Abeta similar to that of Alzheimer's disease brain is found in Arctic APP transgenic mice.

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  • 1Department of Public Health and Caring Science, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Abstract

Amyloid-beta (Abeta) is a major drug target in Alzheimer's disease. Here, we demonstrate that deposited Abeta is SDS insoluble in tgAPP-ArcSwe, a transgenic mouse model harboring the Arctic (E693G) and Swedish (KM670/671NL) APP mutations. Formic acid was needed to extract the majority of deposited Abeta in both tgAPP-ArcSwe and Alzheimer's disease brain, but not in a commonly used type of mouse model with the Swedish mutation alone. Interestingly, the insoluble state of Arctic Abeta was determined early on and did not gradually evolve with time. In tgAPP-ArcSwe, Abeta plaques displayed a patchy morphology with bundles of Abeta fibrils, whereas amyloid cores in tgAPP-Swe were circular with radiating fibrils. Amyloid was more densely stacked in tgAPP-ArcSwe, as demonstrated with a conformation sensitive probe. A reduced increase in plasma Abeta was observed following acute administration of an Abeta antibody in tgAPP-ArcSwe, results that might imply reduced brain to plasma Abeta efflux. TgAPP-ArcSwe, with its insoluble state of deposited Abeta, could serve as a complementary model to better predict the outcome of clinical trials.

PMID:
18192084
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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