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Metabolism. 2008 Feb;57(2):262-7. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2007.09.010.

Comparison of two consecutive fat-rich and carbohydrate-rich meals on postprandial myeloperoxidase response in women with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1Department of Endocrinology/Diabetes Center, VU University Medical Center, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Myeloperoxidase (MPO), expressed in leukocytes and released upon activation, is associated with CVD and endothelial dysfunction. Postprandial leukocyte recruitment and activation with subsequent MPO release may contribute to atherosclerosis and CVD. We hypothesized that MPO may increase in the postprandial state because of postprandial leukocyte recruitment and/or activation, especially in subjects with DM2. One hundred postmenopausal women, aged 50 to 65 years (66 with normal glucose metabolism [NGM] and 34 with DM2), received 2 consecutive fat-rich meals and 2 consecutive carbohydrate-rich meals on separate occasions. Blood samples were taken before (t = 0) and at 2, 4, and 8 hours after breakfast; lunch was given at t = 4. Plasma MPO concentration was measured by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The number of leukocytes in fasting blood samples was higher in DM2 compared with NGM (6.1 +/- 1.4 and 5.4 +/- 1.2 x 10(9)/L, respectively; P < .05). Baseline MPO concentration did not significantly differ between NGM and DM2 (51.4 +/- 12.9 and 54.5 +/- 18.4 mug/L, respectively; P = .39). Baseline MPO was positively associated with leukocytes (r = 0.20, P < .05) and inversely associated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = -0.22, P < .05). Leukocytes increased from 5.0 +/- 1.5 to 6.1 +/- 1.5 x 10(9)/L and from 5.8 +/- 1.4 to 6.6 +/- 1.4 x 10(9)/L in NGM and DM2, respectively (both P < .01), after the fat-rich meals. In contrast to our hypothesized increase in MPO, we found a significant decrease in MPO in NGM (both meal types) and DM2 (fat-rich meals only). Our findings provide no support to our initial hypothesis that meal-induced release of MPO might be a mechanism that contributes to CVD risk.

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