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Can J Occup Ther. 2007 Dec;74(5):393-400.

Somatosensory stimulation interventions for children with autism: literature review and clinical considerations.

Author information

  • 1Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Canada. sandra.hodgetts@ualberta.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is considerable evidence that children with autism experience sensory dysfunction, which can affect their ability to participate in functional activities. Occupational therapists frequently recommend somatosensory stimulation interventions to mitigate sensory dysfunction and improve a child's ability to function.

PURPOSE:

This paper examines the rationale and evidence supporting somatosensory stimulation interventions for children with autism.

METHOD:

A comprehensive review of the literature specific to somatosensory stimulation was conducted, resulting in six published studies that addressed interventions feasible within a child's daily routine.

DISCUSSION:

Although research related to somatosensory stimulation interventions is becoming more rigorous, empirical support remains limited; therefore, when these interventions are implemented, they should be systematically evaluated.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

To help occupational therapists recommend interventions with confidence, strategies are provided to (1) utilise best practices to intervene in an area in which evidence is limited, and (2) help expand the evidence base through clinical research.

PMID:
18183774
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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