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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Mar;27(3):649-52. doi: 10.1002/jmri.21230.

A modified Fourier-based phase unwrapping algorithm with an application to MRI venography.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To present a single-step deterministic procedure for unwrapping MRI phase maps.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Using an algorithm previously developed for optical applications, Laplacian operators were applied in the Fourier space of the MRI phase map. The original Fourier-based phase unwrapping algorithm was modified so that demodulation accomplished the required signal symmetrization in Fourier space. To evaluate the method's performance in the presence of thermal noise, a set of wrapped phase maps were simulated at different levels of noise in k-space, and the response of the algorithm at different levels of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was evaluated for stability. To demonstrate its utility in MRI, the algorithm was applied to the wrapped phase maps of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) studies, which were then used to generate venograms.

RESULTS:

In simulated phase wrapping, the algorithm correctly reproduced the original phase for a wide range of phase gradients and noise. The procedure was fast and produced useful maps of venous structures in SWI images.

CONCLUSION:

A fast and stable single-step deterministic method for unwrapping MRI phase maps is available for such applications as SWI and mapping of static magnetic field inhomogeneity.

PMID:
18183579
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2575666
Free PMC Article
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