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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Mar;56(3):493-500. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01562.x. Epub 2008 Jan 4.

Substitutive "hospital at home" versus inpatient care for elderly patients with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a prospective randomized, controlled trial.

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  • 1Department of Medical and Surgical Disciplines, Geriatric Section, S. Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate hospital readmission rates and mortality at 6-month follow-up in selected elderly patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

DESIGN:

Prospective randomized, controlled, single-blind trial with 6-month follow-up.

SETTING:

San Giovanni Battista Hospital of Torino.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred four elderly patients admitted to the hospital for acute exacerbation of COPD were randomly assigned to a general medical ward (GMW, n=52) or to a geriatric home hospitalization service (GHHS, n=52).

MEASUREMENTS:

Measurements of baseline sociodemographic information; clinical data; functional, cognitive, and nutritional status; depression; and quality of life were obtained.

RESULTS:

There was a lower incidence of hospital readmissions for GHHS patients than for GMW patients at 6-month follow-up (42% vs 87%, P<.001). Cumulative mortality at 6 months was 20.2% in the total sample, without significant differences between the two study groups. Patients managed in the GHHS had a longer mean length of stay than those cared for in the GMW (15.5+/-9.5 vs 11.0+/-7.9 days, P=.010). Only GHHS patients experienced improvements in depression and quality-of-life scores. On a cost per patient per day basis, GHHS costs were lower than costs in GMW ($101.4+/-61.3 vs $151.7+/-96.4, P=.002).

CONCLUSION:

Physician-led substitutive hospital-at-home care as an alternative to inpatient care for elderly patients with acute exacerbations of COPD is associated with a substantial reduction in the risk of hospital readmission at 6 months, lower healthcare costs, and better quality of life.

PMID:
18179503
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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