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Am J Cardiol. 2008 Jan 15;101(2):231-7. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.07.066. Epub 2007 Dec 3.

Usefulness of B-type natriuretic peptide and cardiac troponin levels to predict in-hospital mortality from ADHERE.

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  • 1Ahmanson-UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center, University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.


B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac troponin (Tn) I or T have been demonstrated to provide prognostic information in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Whether admission BNP and Tn levels provide additive prognostic value in acutely decompensated heart failure (HF) has not been well studied. Hospitalizations for HF from April 2003 to December 2004 entered into ADHERE were analyzed. BNP assessment on admission was performed in 48,629 (63%) of 77,467 hospitalization episodes. Tn assessment was performed in 42,636 (88%) of these episodes. In-hospital mortality was assessed using logistic regression models adjusted for age, gender, blood urea nitrogen, systolic blood pressure, creatinine, sodium, pulse, and dyspnea at rest. Median BNP was 840 pg/ml (interquartile range 430 to 1,730). Tn was increased in 2,370 (5.6%) of 42,636 HF episodes. BNP above the median and increased Tn were associated with significantly increased risk of in-hospital mortality (odds ratios [OR] 2.09 and 2.41 respectively, each p value <0.0001). Mortality was 10.2% in patients with BNP >or=840/Tn increased compared with 2.2% with BNP <840/Tn not increased (OR 5.10, p <0.0001). After covariate adjustment, mortality risk remained significantly increased with BNP >or=840/Tn not increased (adjusted OR 1.56, 95% confidence interval 1.40 to 1.79, p <0.0001), BNP <840/Tn increased (adjusted OR 1.69, 95% confidence interval 1.17 to 2.45, p = 0.006), and BNP >or=840/Tn increased (adjusted OR 3.00, 95% confidence interval 2.47 to 3.66, p <0.0001). Admission BNP and cardiac Tn levels are significant, independent predictors of in-hospital mortality in acutely decompensated HF. Patients with BNP levels >or=840 pg/ml and increased Tn levels are at particularly high risk for mortality. In conclusion, a multimarker strategy for the assessment of patients hospitalized with HF adds incremental prognostic information.

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