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J Surg Oncol. 2008 Apr 1;97(5):409-15. doi: 10.1002/jso.20961.

Increased TGF-beta 1 protein expression in patients with advanced colorectal cancer.

Author information

  • 1Tissue Center, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Ostra, Gothenburg, Sweden. marcus.langenskiold@vgreion.se

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

There is evidence that TGF-beta 1 plays a role as a tumor suppressor in early disease and has pro-oncogenic effects in advanced tumor stage. The aim of the study was to correlate TGF-beta 1 in plasma and tissue to clinical and pathological parameters in patients with various stages of disease progression.

METHODS:

One hundred sixty-nine patients who underwent surgery for a colorectal carcinoma were prospectively included. Blood samples, tumor free mucosa and tumor biopsies were assayed.

RESULTS:

TGF-beta 1 protein expression in tumors increased with increasing T-stage regardless of whether patients with metastatic disease were included or not (P = 0.0006). Patients with metastatic disease showed elevated TGF-beta 1 protein expression in both tumor tissue (P = 0.004) and plasma (P = 0.001) compared to those without metastatic disease. TGF-beta 1 protein expression was higher in the colon compared with the rectum in both tumor tissue and tumor-free bowel (P = 0.03), regardless of whether patients with metastatic disease were included or not. This difference was mainly attributable to a higher TGF-beta 1 protein expression in non-metastatic patients with lymph node positivity (P = 0.005).

CONCLUSIONS:

Higher TGF-beta 1 protein expression is associated with increasing T-stage and metastatic disease, indicating that TGF-beta 1 is of importance in tumor progression. The localization of the tumor seems to influence the TGF-beta 1 protein expression in patients with tumor cell-positive lymph nodes.

(Copyright) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
18176914
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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