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Blood. 2008 Mar 1;111(5):2744-54. doi: 10.1182/blood-2007-03-081232. Epub 2008 Jan 2.

BAFF enhances chemotaxis of primary human B cells: a particular synergy between BAFF and CXCL13 on memory B cells.

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  • 1Service of Immuno-Virology, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, Departement des Sciences du Vivant, Institut des maladies émergentes et therapies innovantes, Unité Mixte de Recherche-E1, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.

Abstract

B-cell-activating factor of the TNF family, (BAFF), and a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) regulate B-lymphocyte survival and activation. We report that BAFF, but not APRIL, increased the chemotactic response of primary human B cells to CCL21, CXCL12, and CXCL13. The BAFF-induced increase in B-cell chemotaxis was totally abolished by blockade of BAFF-R and was strongly dependent on the activation of PI3K/AKT, NF-kappaB, and p38MAPK pathways. BAFF had similar effects on the chemotaxis of naive and memory B cells in response to CCL21 but increased more strongly that of memory B cells to CXCL13 than that of naive B cells. Our findings indicate a previously unreported role for the BAFF/BAFF-R pair in mature B-cell chemotaxis. The synergy between CXCL13 and BAFF produced by stromal cells and follicular dendritic cells may have important implications for B-cell homeostasis, the development of normal B-cell areas, and for the formation of germinal center-like follicles that may be observed in various autoimmune diseases.

PMID:
18172003
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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