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Acta Neurol Scand. 2008 Jul;118(1):18-23. Epub 2007 Dec 27.

Alexithymia in multiple sclerosis: relationship with fatigue and depression.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurological Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of alexithymia in a sample of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to further evaluate the association between alexithymia and the occurrence of common disabling MS-related symptoms such as fatigue and depression.

METHODS:

Fifty-eight relapsing-remitting MS patients treated with interferon (IFN)-beta-1a underwent a complete neurological evaluation, including Expanded Disability Status Scale score assessment. Alexithymia, depressive symptoms and fatigue were assessed using the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Beck Depression Inventory and Fatigue Severity Scale.

RESULTS:

Prevalence of alexithymia was 13.8%, with 27.6% of patients presenting borderline alexithymia. Sixty-seven per cent of the patients complained of fatigue while 29.3% of them were depressed. Higher levels of fatigue and depression were found in alexithymic patients when compared with non-alexithymic patients. Results from logistic regressions showed that alexithymia significantly contributes to the severity of fatigue and depression.

CONCLUSIONS:

Alexithymia was associated with increased severity of fatigue and depression.

PMID:
18162056
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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