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Glycoconj J. 2008 Jul;25(5):415-25. Epub 2007 Dec 27.

Chemical conjugation of muramyl dipeptide and paclitaxel to explore the combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy for cancer.

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  • 1Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.


Paclitaxel (Taxol) conjugated to muramyl dipeptide (MDP) is described. Biological testing showed that the conjugation of MDP at 2'-O-paclitaxel (2'- O -MTC-01) not only has antitumor activity, but also have immunoenhancement capacity. Compared with paclitaxel or MDP alone or with a mixture of paclitaxel + MDP, 2'- O -MTC-01 significantly increases the production and expression of TNF-alpha and IL-12 from mouse peritoneal macrophages, which demonstrates a synergism of MDP and paclitaxel in one conjugated molecule.

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