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Viral Immunol. 2007 Dec;20(4):664-71.

Specific tumor cell targeting by a recombinant MVA expressing a functional single chain antibody on the surface of intracellular mature virus (IMV) particles.

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  • 1Molecular Immunology Laboratory, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

Recombinant vaccinia virus with tumor cell specificity may provide a versatile tool either for direct lysis of cancer cells or for the targeted transfer of genes encoding immunomodulatory or toxic molecules. We report the expression of a tumor-specific single-chain antibody on the surface of intracellular mature vaccinia virus particles (IMV). The wild-type p14 externally membrane-associated protein p14 (A27L gene), which is not required for viral binding and replication, was replaced by p14 fusion molecules carrying a single-chain antibody directed against the tumor-associated antigen MUC-1. MUC-1 mucin is an epithelial cell antigen whose aberrant expression plays a role in autoimmunity and tumor immunity in the majority of human carcinomas and multiple myeloma. Fusion protein carrying the single-chain antibody at the NH2-terminal position was expressed and exposed at the envelope of the corresponding recombinant virus. The construct containing the antibody was able to bind a MUC-1 specific 60mer peptide. Moreover, targeted virus infects MUC-1-expressing cells in vitro more efficiently.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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