Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Mar 1;167(5):615-23. Epub 2007 Dec 24.

Effect of neighborhood exposures on changes in weight among women in Cebu, Philippines (1983-2002).

Author information

  • 1Department of Health Economics and Evaluation, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico.


The authors aimed to identify the contributions of community factors to weight change in a cohort of women from Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines, between 1983 and 2002. The authors created a three-level random-intercept model to see whether mean body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) varied by individual- and cluster-level variables and identified community characteristics associated with changes in BMI among 2,952 nonpregnant women. The average BMI among women living in places with four public amenities (telephones, electricity, mail delivery, and newspapers) was 0.16 kg/m(2) (95% confidence interval: 0.07, 0.26) higher than that of women living in places with fewer than three amenities. An increase in population density of 10,000 persons per km(2) was associated with a BMI increase of 0.09 kg/m(2) (95% confidence interval: 0.05, 0.13). A model with interactions revealed that the effect of population density increased significantly over time. These findings confirm earlier observations that in low-income countries, obesity starts among the wealthiest communities. Secondary and tertiary prevention policies designed to reduce obesity should be implemented in the most economically developed areas first. Primary prevention would be most needed in less developed areas, where the obesity epidemic is just beginning.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk