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Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2008 Apr;43(4):291-8. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

Attitudes towards suicide among Kurdish people in Iran.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Psychiatry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Attitudes towards suicide represent a key stage in the pathway leading to suicide. A deeper understanding of the social, psychological and treatment-related factors influencing the development of attitudes towards suicide could guide suicide prevention strategies especially in a neglected population like Kurds.

METHODS:

In a cross-sectional study in Iranian Kurdistan, 1,000 households participated in the investigation from April to May 2006 selected by a cluster random sampling process. A questionnaire on attitudes towards suicide (ATTS) was used to measure suicide related attitudes and thoughts.

RESULTS:

Suicide related experiences were more often reported from the wider social network (relative, friends, acquaintances) than from family members. There is a significant accumulation of suicide related experiences when a related event was reported in the close family. The level of suicide related attitudes is related to age, gender, marital status, level of education and employment status.

DISCUSSION:

Openness towards the topic of suicide as well as abilities to communicate about it should be improved by educating the public and additionally be promoted by changing conservative value systems.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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