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Acta Pathol Jpn. 1991 Oct;41(10):778-83.

Myxoid variant of epithelioid leiomyosarcoma of the uterus.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.


A rare case of myxoid variant of epithelioid leiomyosarcoma of the uterus in a 76-year-old woman is reported. Palpation and computed tomography revealed an enlarged uterus. Total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were performed, and a hemispheric tumor, measuring 2.7 x 2.5 x 1.8 cm, was found protruding into the uterine cavity of the upper uterine segment. The tumor contained a prominent myxoid stroma and epithelioid tumor cells, which were round and polygonal in shape and showed positive immunoreactivity for desmin and vimentin. High mitotic activity was observed in the tumor cells. Electron microscopic examination revealed bundles of filaments in the cytoplasm and fine reticular material in the extracellular matrix. Histochemically, the myxoid stroma contained abundant acid mucopolysaccharide. The tumor cells were considered to originate from smooth muscle cells, while the myxoid stroma expressed varying differentiation of uterine mesenchymal cells. The patient is currently well with no evidence of recurrence or metastasis one year after the operation.

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