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Circulation. 1976 Aug;54(2):309-18.

Serum lipoprotein profile in children from a biracial community: the Bogalusa Heart Study.

Abstract

Serum lipoprotein profiles in 3182 children, ages 5-14 years, were studied in a biracial community as part of the Bogalusa Heart Study to describe the early natural history of atherosclerosis. White and black children showed similar mean levels of beta-lipoproteins. Pre-beta-lipoprotein levels, however, were significantly higher in white shildren, while significantly higher levels of alpha-lipoprotein were found in black children. Girls had generally higher levels of beta- and pre-beta-lipoprotein and lower levels of alpha-lipoprotein than boys, although the differences were not significant at each age group. With age there was little change in alpha-lipoprotein levels, a significant increase in pre-beta-lipoprotein levels and a slight but significant decrease between 11 and 14 years in beta-lipoprotein levels. The correlation of alpha-lipoprotein was negative with beta-lipoprotein and, to a greater extent, with pre-beta-lipoprotein. The above inverse relationships were significantly greater in white children than in black children, suggesting differences in lipoprotein profiles in the two groups. Lipoprotein values from a total community study are now available for comparison with the currently recommended upper normal limits for lipoproteins. Since only a very small percentage of children could be considered as hyperlipoproteinemic by those specific levels in this community, we suggest that distributions and percentiles be used to evaluate children for hyperlipoproteinemia.

PMID:
181171
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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