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J Immunol. 2008 Jan 1;180(1):113-21.

Bystander central memory but not effector memory CD8+ T cells suppress allograft rejection.

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  • 1Center for Biomedical Research, University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, TX 75708, USA.

Abstract

Memory T cells respond faster and more vigorously than their naive counterparts and are critical for adaptive immunity. However, it is unknown whether and how memory T cells react in the face of irrelevant Ags. It is generally accepted that bystander memory T cells are neutral in immune responsiveness. In this study, we present the first evidence that bystander central memory (TCM), but not effector memory (TEM), CD8+ T cells suppress allograft rejection as well as T cell proliferation in the draining lymph nodes (DLN) of recipient mice. Both bystander TCM and naive T cells, but fewer TEM cells, migrated to DLN, whereas TCM cells exhibited faster turnover than their naive counterparts, suggesting that bystander TCM cells have an advantage over their naive counterparts in suppression. However, bystander TEM cells migrated to inflammatory graft sites, but not DLN, and yet failed to exert their suppression. These findings indicate that bystander memory T cells need to migrate to lymph nodes to exert their suppression by inhibiting responder T cell activation or homeostatic proliferation. Moreover, the suppression mediated by bystander TCM cells was largely dependent on IL-15, as IL-15 was required for their homeostatic proliferation and TCM-mediated suppression of allograft rejection. This suppression also required the presence of TGFbeta1, as TCM cells expressed TGFbeta1 while neutralizing TGFbeta1 abolished their suppression. Thus, bystander TCM, but not TEM, CD8+ T cells are potent suppressors rather than bystanders. This new finding will have an impact on cellular immunology and may have clinic implications for tolerance induction.

PMID:
18097010
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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