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J Dairy Sci. 2008 Jan;91(1):49-57.

Evaluation of aroma generation of Lactococcus lactis with an electronic nose and sensory analysis.

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  • 1Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C. (CIAD, A.C.). Carretera a la Victoria Km. 0.6, Hermosillo, Sonora, 83000, México.

Abstract

There is an increased interest in exploring the potential of new Lactococcus lactis strains isolated from different natural ecosystems for the production of aroma compounds. Thus, the objective of this study was to screen the aroma generation of Lactococcus lactis strains isolated from different sources by an electronic nose and sensory evaluation for their potential use in starter cheese cultures. Twenty-three strains of Lactococcus lactis were isolated from dairy sources such as artisanal raw-milk cheeses, nondairy sources, and commercial starter cultures (industrial). All the strains were assessed for their ability to produce aromas by an electronic nose and sensory analysis after their incubation in milk. Some phenotypic characteristics of technological importance such as lactose fermentation, proteolytic activity, and citrate utilization were also evaluated. Lactococcus lactis strains showed clear phenotypic differences related to their isolation source. Strains isolated from raw-milk dairy products or commercial starter cultures presented faster lactose fermentation and proteolytic activity than those presented by strains isolated from nondairy sources. Additionally, strains isolated from dairy and nondairy sources presented better citrate utilization than strains isolated from commercial dairy starters. On the other hand, there was not a clear relationship between the source of isolation and the ability of lactococci strains to produce aroma. Principal components analysis of electronic nose data revealed 4 distinctive groups based on aroma profiles. Additionally, odor intensity scores (yogurt-like and Fresco cheese-like) for these 4 groups revealed the nature of their differences. In general, strains from dairy products presented intense yogurt-like and Fresco cheese-like aromas, with the latter being the most intense for one specific strain. On the other hand, the majority of wild strains from nondairy sources presented a stronger yogurt-like aroma, whereas industrial strains presented low intensity for both aroma descriptors. Additionally, an aroma potentiation effect was observed when mixtures of 2 lactococci strains isolated from different sources acted together.

PMID:
18096924
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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