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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008 Mar;1125:267-79. Epub 2007 Dec 20.

Cellulases of mesophilic microorganisms: cellulosome and noncellulosome producers.

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  • 1Section of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. rhdoi@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

The cellulolytic activity of mesophilic bacteria and fungi is described, with special emphasis on the large extracellular enzyme complex called the cellulosome. The cellulosome is composed of a scaffolding protein, which is attached to various cellulolytic and hemicellulolytic enzymes, and this complex allows the organisms to degrade plant cell walls very efficently. The enzymes include a variety of cellulases, hemicellulases, and pectinases that work synergistically to degrade complex cell-wall molecules.

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