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J Transl Med. 2007 Dec 19;5:68.

Spontaneous immune responses against glioma-associated antigens in a long term survivor with malignant glioma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. uedar@upmc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In patients with high grade glioma, little is known regarding existence of naturally occurring adaptive T cell reactivity against glioma-associated antigens (GAAs). In this report, we characterized GAA-specific CD8+ T cells and innate immune cells in a patient who has survived with anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) for over 12 years without recurrence.

METHODS:

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from the long term survivor with AA were evaluated for the frequency, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity and differentiation status of CD8+ cells recognizing GAA-derived epitopes as well as relative numbers of other immune cell subsets. This patient's AA tissue was evaluated for expression of two GAAs EphA2 and interleukin-13 receptor alpha2 subunit (IL-13Ralpha2) by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

The patient's tumor expressed both EphA2 and IL-13Ralpha2, and in vitro stimulated PBMC demonstrated superior EphA2883-891 and IL-13Ralpha2345-353-specific CTL reactivity compared to PBMC samples from two other patients with progressing malignant glioma. Unstimulated EphA2883-891-reactive CD8+ T cells contained high numbers of CD45RA-/CCR7- late effector and CD45RA-/CCR7+ central memory cells. Among other leukocyte subsets, elevated numbers of NK-T cells were found.

CONCLUSION:

To our knowledge, the current study is one of the first demonstrating the presence of antigen-experienced, GAA-reactive CD8+ T cells in a patient who has survived with AA for over 12 years without recurrence. Further studies are warranted to determine whether the status of GAA-reactive CD8+ T cells dictates survival of patients and/or response to therapeutic vaccines.

PMID:
18093336
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2244605
Free PMC Article
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