Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Epidemiology. 2008 Jan;19(1):158-62.

Seven deadly sins of environmental epidemiology and the virtues of precaution.

Author information

  • Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark. pgrand@hsph.harvard.edu


The potentials for error in planning, conducting, reporting, and utilizing epidemiologic results can be considered in terms of the traditional 7 deadly sins. To counter these sins, epidemiologic virtues should be inspired by the precautionary principle. The remedies emphasize acknowledgment and exploration of the impact of uncertainties, weight-of-the-evidence assessments that consider what could be known given the opportunities for research, and epidemiologic strategies that facilitate the use of tentative, though innovative, studies in decision-making.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (1)Free text

Fig. 1
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk