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Transplant Proc. 2007 Dec;39(10):3452-4.

Anti-CD25 mAb, anti-IL2 mAb, and IL2 block tolerance induction through anti-CD154 mAb and rapamycin in xenogeneic islet transplantation.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery West China Hospital, Si Chuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We have used anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (mAb; MR1) and rapamycin (rapa) to induce tolerance to islet xenografts. The aim of this study was to investigate whether classical anergy and/or regulation by interleukin (IL)2-dependent CD25+ T regulatory cells played roles in the induction and maintenance of tolerance in this model.

METHODS:

Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice were transplanted with rat islets. We performed the following groups: control group, islet transplantation without therapy; rapamycin group, 0.2 mg/kg by oral gavage on days 0, 1, 2, and every other day to day 14; anti-CD154 mAb (MR1) group, 0.5 mg intraperitoneally on days 0, 2, and 4; combination therapy group with rapa and MR1. We then administered in addition to the combination therapy with early (from days 0 to 14 [for IL2] or to 28 [for anti-IL2 mAb and anti-CD25 mAb] post-transplantation) or late (from days 100 to 114 [for IL2] or to 128 [for anti-IL2 mAb and anti-CD25 mAb] posttransplantation) recombinant IL2 (2000 U, intraperitoneally twice a day), a neutralizing anti-IL2 mAb (S4B6-1, 0.3 mg intraperitoneally twice weekly), and a depleting anti-CD25 mAb (PC61, 0.3 mg intraperitoneally twice weekly), respectively. Histology was performed at time of rejection.

RESULTS:

Rapa and MR1 therapy alone significantly prolonged xenograft survival compared to the control group: median graft survival was 34 days versus 17 days (P<.05) and 98 days versus 17 days (P<.05), respectively, but rejection still occurred. Combination therapy with MR1 and rapa allowed indefinite graft survival (median graft survival [MGS]>200 days, P<.001). When exogenous IL2 was administered early with MR1 and rapa, rapid rejection developed in 18 of 18 mice (MGS 7 days), whereas when IL2 was given late, only 3 of 10 developed rejection. Early administration of anti-IL2 mAb led to rejection in 10 of 10 mice (MGS 42 days), whereas late administration led to rejection in only one of four mice. Early administration of anti-CD25 mAb led to rejection in eight of nine mice (MGS 49 days), whereas late administration led to rejection in only three of seven mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Rapa and MR1 allowed indefinite graft survival of islet xenografts. Classical anergy and regulation by IL2-dependent CD25+ T regulatory cells were critical in the induction of tolerance in the immediate posttransplantation period and less important for maintenance of tolerance.

PMID:
18089405
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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