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J Biol Chem. 2008 Feb 29;283(9):5708-18. Epub 2007 Dec 17.

A Temperature-sensitive mutation in the Arabidopsis thaliana phosphomannomutase gene disrupts protein glycosylation and triggers cell death.

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  • 1Department of Plant Systems Biology, Flanders Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), Ghent University, 9052 Gent, Belgium.


Eukaryotic phosphomannomutases (PMMs) catalyze the interconversion of mannose 6-phosphate to mannose 1-phosphate and are essential to the biosynthesis of GDP-mannose. As such, plant PMMs are involved in ascorbic acid (AsA) biosynthesis and N-glycosylation. We report on the conditional phenotype of the temperature-sensitive Arabidopsis thaliana pmm-12 mutant. Mutant seedlings were phenotypically similar to wild type seedlings when grown at 16-18 degrees C but died within several days after transfer to 28 degrees C. This phenotype was observed throughout both vegetative and reproductive development. Protein extracts derived from pmm-12 plants had lower PMM protein and enzyme activity levels. In vitro biochemical analysis of recombinant proteins showed that the mutant PMM protein was compromised in its catalytic efficiency (K cat/K m). Despite significantly decreased AsA levels in pmm-12 plants, AsA deficiency could not account for the observed phenotype. Since, at restrictive temperature, total glycoprotein patterns were altered and glycosylation of protein-disulfide isomerase was perturbed, we propose that a deficiency in protein glycosylation is responsible for the observed cell death phenotype.

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