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Osteoporos Int. 2008 Jul;19(7):969-78. Epub 2007 Dec 15.

Osteonectin/SPARC polymorphisms in Caucasian men with idiopathic osteoporosis.

Author information

  • 1Center for Molecular Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT, 06030, USA. adelany@uchc.edu

Abstract

Animal models suggest a role for osteonectin/SPARC in determination of bone mass. We found haplotypes consisting of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the osteonectin gene are associated with bone density in Caucasian men with idiopathic osteoporosis.

INTRODUCTION:

Osteonectin is a matricellular protein regulating matrix assembly, osteoblast differentiation, and survival. Animal studies indicate that osteonectin is essential for normal bone mass. The 3' UTR is a regulatory region controlling mRNA stability, trafficking, and translation, and we determined whether osteonectin 3' UTR haplotypes could be associated with bone mass and/or idiopathic osteoporosis.

METHODS:

Single strand conformation polymorphism and allele-specific PCR analysis were used to assess alleles at osteonectin cDNA bases 1046, 1599, and 1970, using genomic DNA from middle-aged Caucasian men with idiopathic, low turnover osteoporosis (n = 56) and matched controls (n = 59). Bone density was measured by DXA at spine, hip and radius. Allele and haplotype frequencies were analyzed by Chi square analysis and Fisher's exact test.

RESULTS:

Five common osteonectin 3' UTR haplotypes were identified. The frequency of one haplotype (1046C-1599C-1970T) was higher in controls compared with patients, and this haplotype was also associated with higher bone densities at multiple sites in patients. In contrast, a second haplotype (1046C-1599G-1970T) was associated with lower bone densities in patients at multiple sites.

CONCLUSIONS:

Osteonectin regulates skeletal remodeling and bone mass in animals, and haplotypes in the 3' UTR of this gene are associated with bone density in Caucasian men with idiopathic osteoporosis.

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