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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2008 Feb;157(2):205-16. Epub 2007 Nov 17.

Molecular determinants of compatibility polymorphism in the Biomphalaria glabrata/Schistosoma mansoni model: new candidates identified by a global comparative proteomics approach.

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  • 1Parasitologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5244, CNRS, EPHE, UPVD, Biologie & Ecologie Tropicale et Méditerranéenne, Université de Perpignan, Perpignan Cedex, France.

Abstract

The co-evolutionary dynamics that exist in host-parasite interactions sometimes lead to compatibility polymorphisms, the molecular bases of which are rarely investigated. To identify key molecules that are involved in this phenomenon in the Schistosoma mansoni/Biomphalaria glabrata model, we developed a comparative proteomics approach using the larval stages that interact with the invertebrate host. We used qualitative and quantitative analyses to compare the total proteomes of primary sporocysts from compatible and incompatible parasite strains. The differentially expressed proteins thus detected belong to three main functional groups: (i) scavengers of reactive oxygen species, (ii) components of primary metabolism, and (iii) mucin-like proteins. We discuss the putative roles played by these protein families as determinants of compatibility polymorphism. Since mucins are known to play key roles in the host-parasite interplay, we consider the newly discovered S. mansoni mucin-like proteins (SmMucin-like) as the most promising candidates for influencing the fate of host-parasite interactions. An analysis of their expression is presented in a paper published in the same journal issue.

PMID:
18083248
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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