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Mol Cell. 2007 Dec 14;28(5):838-49.

Competition between the ATPase Prp5 and branch region-U2 snRNA pairing modulates the fidelity of spliceosome assembly.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461-1975, USA.


ATPase-facilitated steps during spliceosome function have been postulated to afford opportunities for kinetic proofreading. Spliceosome assembly requires the ATPase Prp5p, whose activity might thus impact fidelity during initial intron recognition. Using alanine mutations in S. cerevisiae Prp5p, we identified a suboptimal intron whose splicing could be improved by altered Prp5p activity and then, using this intron, screened for potent prp5 mutants. These prp5 alleles specifically alter branch region selectivity, with improved splicing in vivo of suboptimal substrates correlating with reduced ATPase activity in vitro for a series of mutants in ATPase motif III (SAT). Because these effects are abrogated by compensatory U2 snRNA mutations or other changes that increase branch region-U2 pairing, these results explicitly link a fidelity event with a defined physical structure, the branch region-U2 snRNA duplex, and provide strong evidence that progression of the splicing pathway requires branch region-U2 snRNA pairing prior to Prp5p-facilitated conformational change.

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