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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2007 Dec;131(12):1834-6.

Bernard-Soulier syndrome: an inherited platelet disorder.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Loma Linda University Medical Center, 11234 Anderson St, Room 2151, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. akpham@ahs.llumc.edu

Abstract

Bernard-Soulier syndrome is an inherited platelet disorder, which is transmitted in an autosomal recessive manner. This syndrome is characterized by variable thrombocytopenia and large defective platelets. Bernard-Soulier syndrome often presents early with bleeding symptoms, such as epistaxis, ecchymosis, menometrorrhagia, and gingival or gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis can be confirmed by platelet aggregation studies and flow cytometry. The differential diagnosis includes the other inherited giant platelet disorders, as well as von Willebrand disease and immune thrombocytopenia purpura. Treatment is generally supportive with platelet transfusions when absolutely necessary and avoidance of antiplatelet medications. Recombinant activated factor VII and desmopressin have been used in attempts to shorten bleeding times; however, no definitive studies regarding their effectiveness have been reported.

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PMID:
18081445
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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