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J Endocrinol Invest. 2007 Nov;30(10):810-9.

Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor levels in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.

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  • 1Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, 35340, Inciralti, Izmir, Turkey.



This study was conducted to demonstrate the plasminogen activator inhibitor- 1 (PAI-1) and thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor antigen (TAFI-Ag) levels in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).


Twenty-seven patients with biopsy-proven NASH and 18 healthy controls (HC) were recruited for the study. Anthropometric data, liver histology (no.=20) and laboratory parameters including PAI-1 and TAFI-Ag assessments were recorded.


When compared with HC, patients with NASH had higher body weight, higher waist circumference, elevated blood pressure, higher fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels and higher homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) scores. The mean plasma PAI-1 levels of patients was found to be higher than HC (87.60 ng/ml vs 30.84 ng/ml p=0.000) and mean plasma TAFI-Ag levels of patients was found to be significantly lower (8.69 microg/ml vs 12.19 microg/ml p=0.000). PAI-1 levels were correlated with systolic blood pressure, age, body weight, transaminases, waist circumference, FPG, body mass index, and HOMA score. TAFI-Ag levels were found to be negatively correlated with transaminases, waist circumference, and body weight. In multiple regression analysis, BMI was the independent variable effecting PAI-1 levels. We did not show any association between PAI-1, TAFI-Ag, disease activity score and fibrosis score. HOMA was the independent variable effecting liver fibrosis in our patients.


In this study we demonstrated that patients with biopsy-proven NASH had higher PAI-1 and lower TAFI-Ag expression than HC. Elevated levels of PAI-1 in NASH is the consequence of insulin resistance state. Lower TAFI-Ag levels may be related to the overactivation of TAFI pathway resulting in TAFI-Ag depletion. Furthermore, liver function disturbances may impair TAFI production in NASH. We also showed that NASH patients even with slight elevations of transaminases feature marked insulin resistance and components of metabolic syndrome.

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