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World J Surg. 2008 Feb;32(2):171-81.

Design and development of a surgical skills simulation curriculum.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA.



A number of significant changes have forced surgical educators to re-evaluate the adequacy of traditional forms of surgical skills training.


A review of the literature reveals that surgical simulation has emerged as a useful adjunct to help educators adjust to the demands of an ever-changing surgical practice environment. As such, integration of simulation technology into a busy surgical training program has now become a priority for training programs worldwide.


Successful integration requires a disciplined and dedicated approach to the appropriate use of all forms of available simulation in a well-designed curriculum.


This manuscript provides a discussion of how this can be achieved using a sequential, modular, criterion-based framework, providing details of the rationale behind such an approach and current examples of how it can be integrated.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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