Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Clin Exp Immunol. 2008 Feb;151(2):334-40. Epub 2007 Dec 6.

Lipopolysaccharide augments the in vivo lethal action of doxorubicin against mice via hepatic damage.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan.


The effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the in vivo lethal action of doxorubicin (DOX) against mice was studied. DOX killed LPS-pretreated mice much earlier than untreated mice, and exhibited a stronger toxic action against LPS-pretreated mice. DOX-induced lethality in LPS-pretreated mice was due to severe hepatic damage, but there were no significant lesions in the heart, kidney and lung. Hepatic lesions were accompanied by caspase 3-positive cells and fragmented DNA-positive cells, suggesting the involvement of apoptosis. DOX induced the production of a high level of interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in LPS-pretreated mice, but not in non-treated mice. The DOX-induced lethality was prevented significantly by anti-IFN-gamma antibody, but not anti-TNF-alpha antibody. Administration of recombinant IFN-gamma in place of LPS augmented definitively the DOX-induced lethality. LPS augmented the DOX-induced lethality in TNF-alpha-deficient mice. Taken together, LPS was suggested to enhance DOX-induced IFN-gamma production and augment the in vivo lethal action via hepatic damage.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk